Grammar Aquarium


Vowels & Consonants


A, E, I, O and U are vowels.

Vowels are letters that make a sound without the mouth or throat closing.

We would use ‘a’ if the following word began with a consonant.

a dog
a cat
a mouse


We would use ‘an’ if the following word began with a vowel.

an eel
an octopus
an insect

Remember, beware exceptions to the rules.

When deciding whether to use ‘a’ or ‘an’, the decision is made based on the sound of the letter.

an honest mistake
a hippopotamus

The letter ‘h’ makes a different sound in these words, so we choose our article accordingly.


Your Turn…

1. What is a vowel?
A french letter
A german letter
a, e, i, o, u

2. What is a consonant?
A french letter
A german letter
Any letter apart from a, e, i, o, u

3. Which indefinite article do we use with a vowel?
a magazine

4. Which indefinite article do we use with a consonant?
A magazine

5. Which letter can sometimes be treated as a vowel?

Score =
Correct answers:


Got them all right? Click the button for your certificate.

No cheating, or Finley will eat you!

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The purpose of this site is to offer a fun insight into the grammatical terms required for the KS2 GPS tests taken in year 6, but the different pages should prove useful to anyone wishing to consolidate their grammatical knowledge.

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